Horse Breeds - Breeds of horses
Mustang, also bronco, small, semiwild horse of Mexico and the western plains of the United
States. Descendants of Arabian and barb horses brought to North America by Spanish explorers in the 16th century and later
combined with other breeds, mustangs adapted themselves to the western habitat and multiplied in large numbers. Subsequently
many of them were captured, domesticated, and bred by native Americans, most notably the Cayuse people. These domesticated
horses became known as Indian ponies or, in the northwestern U.S., cayuses. They had remarkable endurance and intelligence
and were valued as saddle ponies.
Trakehner, once known as the East Prussian horse, a breed of riding horse. The Trakehner
is considered by many to be the ideal competition horse and Europe’s best warmblood (a horse displaying the lighter,
faster qualities of the Arabian and other desert horses).
Missouri Fox Trotter, breed of horse developed in the United States, known for its unique
gait, the fox trot, a smooth, pace comfortable to both horse and rider. Developed around 1820 as a versatile horse for life
on the North American frontier, the Missouri fox trotter now is an all-around horse for shows and trail riding.
Quarter Horse, breed of riding and sprint-racing horse. As the first all-American breed,
the quarter horse is the essential, all-around horse of the western United States and the working mount of the cowboy.
Peruvian Paso, also known as the Peruvian stepping horse, breed of riding horse that developed
in Peru. The Peruvian paso, which was developed from horses brought to South America by Spanish conquistadors in the 16th
century, is distinguished by its unique gait.
Percheron, breed of working horse native to France, one of the most popular large breeds
in the world. The Percheron was developed in the La Perche region of Normandy (Normandie) from which it takes its name
Belgian Heavy Draft Horse, breed of working horse, also called the Brabant for the area
of Belgium where it was developed. The oldest of the heavy working-horse breeds, the Belgian heavy draft horse descends directly
from a prehistoric European horse and the Ardennais horse. This horse was the foundation for other breeds of heavy work horses,
including the Suffolk Punch, Clydesdale, and Shire.
Akhal-Teké, breed of horse native to the desert oases of Turkmenistan, east of the Caspian
Sea and north of Iran. One of the oldest horse breeds, the Akhal-Teké has been bred and raced for at least 3000 years. This
horse is prized for its desert hardiness—it has remarkable endurance and resistance to heat.
Tennessee Walker, also known as the Tennessee walking horse, breed of riding horse developed
in Tennessee in the late 19th century to provide wealthy plantation owners a comfortable mount while overseeing work on their
Palomino, characteristic of a distinctive coloration type of show or saddle horse. The
coat is yellowish and the mane and tail are silver or white. Some degree of white marking on the face and legs is also allowed
by registries. As the offspring do not necessarily show the same color pattern, the palomino is not a true horse breed, although
there is a Palomino Horse Association. Palominos may also conform to the standards for the Arabian or the American quarter
Morgan Horse, breed of horse developed in the U.S. in the early 19th century. The breed
is compact and usually reddish, but its coat may be brown or black. The horse is notable for being an ancestor of other important
U.S. breeds such as the standardbred, the Tennessee walker, and the American saddle horse. The progenitor of the breed dates
from about 1800 and was named for its innkeeper owner, Justin Morgan.
Appaloosa, breed of horse with a distinctive spotted coat, developed by the Nez Perce
people of northeast Oregon in the 18th century. The Appaloosa was named by French trappers for the Palouse River in neighboring
Arabian, also called Arab, one of the oldest horse breeds, native to the Arabian Peninsula.
The Arabian was the horse of the Bedouin people (nomadic Arabs) as early as 3000 to 2500 BC. This ancient, pure breed is widely
regarded as the definition of beauty and elegance in horses. Acknowledged as the primary ancestor of the Thoroughbred horse,
famed for its speed, strength, and endurance, the Arabian has influenced the development of almost all modern horse breeds.
An unmatched combination of great stamina, speed, a solid body, intelligence, longevity, and grace are significant traits
the Arabian has passed on to other breeds
Paint (horse), also called pinto, breed of horse with spotted coloring. The paint played
a large role in the early North American West. It descended from Andalusian horses, which Spanish conquistadors brought to
the Americas in the 16th century. The name comes from the Spanish pintado, meaning painted, and cowboys simply called
this horse the paint.
Andalusian, known for centuries as the Spanish horse, one of the oldest horse breeds.
Native to the Iberian peninsula, the Andalusian has influenced the development of more breeds than any other horse except
for the Arabian and the barb.